Data Gathering Techniques Dissertation

Data Gathering Techniques

Data Gathering

Techniques

Data Gathering Methods

Interview

• Interviews can be conducted personally or

in the telephone.

• Questions needs to be focused, obvious, and

motivate open-ended answers.

• Selection interviews are mainly qualitative in characteristics.

Data Gathering Techniques

Advantages of interviews

The primary advantages of selection interviews are:

• they are useful to obtain comprehensive information about personal feelings, perceptions and views

• they allow more detailed questions to always be asked

• they usually achieve a high response rate

• respondents' individual words are recorded

• ambiguities can be clarified and incomplete answers followed up • interviewees are generally not influenced by others inside the group

• some interviewees may be much less self-conscious within a one-to-one condition.

Data Gathering Techniques

Cons of selection interviews

The main down sides of selection interviews are:

• they can be very time-consuming: preparing,

interviewing, transcribing, analysing,

feedback, reporting

• they can be expensive

• several interviewers may well understand and

transcribe interviews in different techniques.

Data Gathering Techniques

Questionnaires and Online surveys

• Reactions can be reviewed with quantitative

methods by simply assigning statistical values to

Likert-type weighing scales.

• Results are generally much easier (than qualitative

techniques) to investigate.

• Pre-test/Post-test can be as opposed and

assessed.

Data Gathering Techniques

Benefits of questionnaires

The key advantages of forms

• Useful

• A lot of information could be collected from a large number of persons in a short while of time and in a relatively affordable way

• Can be carried out by researcher or perhaps by any number of people with limited affect to its validity and trustworthiness

• The results in the questionnaires usually can be quickly and easily quantified by either a investigator or through the use of a software package deal • May be analysed even more 'scientifically' and objectively than any other forms of research • The moment data has been quantified, you can use it to compare other research and might be used to measure transform

• Positivists believe that quantitative data may be used to create fresh theories and / or test existing hypotheses

Data Gathering Tactics

Disadvantages of questionnaires

The main disadvantages of questionnaires

• Is asserted to be not enough to understand a lot of forms of info - my spouse and i. e. adjustments of feelings, behavior, feelings etc .

• Lacks validity

• You will not tell just how truthful a respondent will be • There is not any way of informing how much believed a surveys takers has put in • The respondent could possibly be forgetful or perhaps not considering within the full context from the situation

Info Gathering Techniques

Observations

• Allows for study regarding the characteristics of a

circumstance, frequency counts of focus on

behaviors, or other behaviors as indicated by

needs of the evaluation.

• Great source for providing extra

information about a specific group, can use

video to supply documentation

Data Gathering Methods

• Will produce qualitative (e. g., narrative data)

and quantitative info (e. g., frequency matters,

mean period of interactions, and instructional

time)

Data Gathering Techniques

Advantages of Observations

• Collect data where and when an event or perhaps

activity is occurring.

• Would not rely on someones willingness to

provide info.

• Straight see what individuals do instead of

relying on what they say they certainly.

Data Gathering Techniques

Cons of Findings

• At risk of observer opinion

• Hawthorne effect – people generally perform

better when they find out they are getting

observed

• Does not increase understanding of so why

people react the way they do

Data Gathering Techniques

Emphasis Groups

• A facilitated group interview with people

that have some thing in common.

• Gathers details about combined

perspectives and viewpoints.

• Responses are often coded into types and

reviewed...