Intel Processors Essay

Intel Processors

TASK: DISCUSS THE EVOLUTION OF INTEL CPUS

Intel 4004- First Single-Chip Microprocessor (4-bit CPU)

• Introduced The fall of 15, the year of 1971

• Maximum clock velocity was 740 kHz

• 12-bit tackles

• 8-bit instructions

• 4-bit data words

• Program Storage 4 KB

• Training set contained 46 instructions (of which 41 were 8 pieces wide and 5 had been 16 parts wide) • Register established contained 18 registers of 4 portions each

• Internal subroutine stack 3 levels deep

Intel 8008- An almost eight bit CENTRAL PROCESSING UNIT designed by Intel

• Launched April one particular, 1972

• Clock price 200 kHz (8008–1: 800 kHz)

• 0. 05 MIPS

• Bus Thickness 8 parts (multiplexed address/data due to limited pins) • Enhancement insert PMOS common sense

• Volume of Transistors 3, 500 at 10 µm

• Addressable memory 16 KB

• Typical in early 8 tad microcomputers, stupid terminals, general calculators, bottling machines • Developed together with 4004

• At first intended for use in the Data point 2200 microcomputer • Crucial volume application in Arizona Instruments 742 microcomputer in > 3, 000 Kia dealerships

Intel 8086- 16 bit cpu designed by Intel

• Introduced June 8, 1978

• Clock prices:

• four. 77 Megahertz with 0. 33

• 8 MHz with zero. 66 MIPS

• 10 MHz with 0. 75 MIPS

• Bus Width 16 parts data, 20 bits talk about

• Number of Transistors up to 29, 000 in 3 µm

• Addressable memory you megabyte

• Up to 10X the functionality of 8080

Pentium I- 32 bit Processor designed by Intel

• Introduced 03 22, 93

• Shuttle bus width sixty four bits

• Prepared by: Group I (Microprocessors and its Architecture) • System bus clock rate 60 or sixty six MHz

• Address bus 32 bits

• Addressable Memory 4 GB

• Electronic Memory 64 TB

• Superscalar structures

• Runs on your five volts

• Used in personal computers

• sixteen KB of L1 refuge

Pentium Pro- is a sixth-generation x86 processor developed and manufactured by Intel (32 bit) • Released November you, 1995

• Precursor to Pentium 2 and III

• Generally used in machine systems

• Socket 8 processor package deal (387 pins) (Dual SPGA)

• Number of transistors your five. 5 mil

• 0. 6 µm process technology

• of sixteen KB L1 cache

• 256 KILOBYTES integrated L2 cache

• 60 MHz system bus clock charge

• Variations (150 MHz)

Pentium II- brand refers to Intel's sixth-generation micro structure (" Intel P6" ) and x86-compatible microprocessors (32 bit) • Introduced May well 7, 97

• Pentium Pro with MMX and improved 16-bit performance • 242-pin Position 1 (SEC) processor package

• Volume of transistors 7. 5 mil

• thirty-two KB L1 cache

• 512 KILOBYTES ½ bandwidth external L2 cache

• The only Pentium II that did not have the L2 disparition at ½ bandwidth in the • primary was the Pentium II 435.00 PE.

Pentium III- manufacturer refers to Intel's 32-bit x86 desktop and mobile microprocessors based on the sixth-generation Intel P6 tiny architecture • Introduced March 26, 99

• Superior PII, i actually. e. P6-based core, right now including Internet streaming SIMD • Extensions (SSE)

• Range of transistors on the lookout for. 5 , 000, 000

• 512 KB ½ bandwidth L2 External refuge

• 242-pin Slot one particular SECC2 (Single Edge Speak to cartridge 2) processor package • Program Bus time rate 90 MHz, 133 MHz (B-models)

Pentium IV- brand refers to Intel's type of single-core mainstream and high end desktop and laptop central processing devices (CPUs) • Introduced Nov 20, 2150

• zero. 18 µm process technology (1. 40 and 1 ) 50 GHz)

• Max. CPU clock rate Velocity (1. three or more GHz to three. 8 GHz)

• L2 cache was 256 KILOBYTES Advanced Transfer Cache (Integrated) • Program Bus time clock rate 4 hundred MHz

• Number of Diffusion 42 , 000, 000

Pentium Dual Core- a 64-bit Cpu designed by Intel

• Introduced January twenty-one, 2007

• Desktop CPU (SMP support restricted to a couple of CPUs)

• Clock Speed (1. 6-2. 93 GHz)

• L2 Cache (1-2 MB)

• FSB Velocity (533-1066 MHz)

Pentium...